Diseases and treatment
Acute lymphoblastic leukaemia (ALL) – the most common type of childhood cancer. The peak incidence occurs at the age of 3-4 years. In other age groups, the disease is less common. Given the success in the treatment of children with ALL from 2010 GU "Republican scientific-practical center of pediatric Oncology, Hematology and immunology" initiated use "children's" schemes for the treatment of young adults (age 18-29) (Order of MOH of Belarus № 53 dated 23.01.2010 g).
Hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (BMT) — transplantation of hematopoietic stem cells of the bone marrow (bone marrow transplantation) or blood. BMT — a medical procedure used in Hematology and Oncology for diseases of the blood and bone marrow, as well as some other malignant diseases.
Nephroblastoma (Wilms ' tumor) – malignant embryonic kidney formation, developing from metanephrogenic blastema cells, rudiments of epithelial and stromal elements. The Wilms tumor was named in honor of the German surgeon max Wilms, who proposed in 1899 in his monograph a review of the literature on kidney tumors in children and justified the histogenesis of the tumor.